What Causes Acne?

First of all, let’s dispel the myth that chocolate and French fries cause acne- they really don’t. So, now that we have that cleared up, what exactly does cause acne?

Acne blemishes actually begin two to three weeks before it appears on the surface of your skin. So, while it may seem to you that your pimple appeared overnight, out of nowhere, you are actually seeing the end result of what is a long process. But don’t worry because there are best treatment for acne that can help you in getting rid of them.

Your acne blemishes actually start deep in what you know as your pores. These are actually your sebaceous hair follicles. Deep down, these glands are producing sebum, which is the oil that keeps your skin pliable and moist. As your skin is renewing itself, the old cells are dying and mixing in with the natural oils in your skin and being sloughed off. Usually, these old skin cells are shed gradually, which makes room for the fresh, new skin. However, it is different for everyone. You may shed your skin cells evenly, or you may not. Uneven shedding can cause complications.

Following are a few of the main culprits that are known to cause acne:

1) Hormones- the trouble with acne typically begins at puberty when your body starts producing hormones known as androgens. This actually can go on for decades- not just during the teen years. Androgens are responsible for the flare ups of acne during a woman’s period or pregnancy.

2) Excess sebum- when the sebaceous gland produces excess sebum due to being stimulated by the androgens.

3) Follicle fallout- typically, the dead skin cells will gradually shed and be expelled onto the surface of the skin. However, if your sebaceous glands are overactive, this can cause cells to shed much quicker- which clog the follicle and keep the skin from completing the renewal process.

4) Bacteria- some bacteria is good bacteria and is part of the skin’s maintenance system. However, once the follicle is clogged, the bacteria begin to multiply much more quickly which causes inflammation.

5) Inflammation- when your body has too much bacteria, it sends out your white blood cells to fight it off- which causes inflammation.